Accelerated arene ligand exchange in the (arene)Cr(CO)2L series

M. F. Semmelhack, Anatoly Chlenov, Douglas M. Ho

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38 Scopus citations


Arene ligand exchange in the (η6-arene)Cr(CO)2L series can be accelerated if the ligand L is an electronically unsymmetrical bidentate ligand. The system evaluated here employs derivatives of tris(pyrrolyl)-phosphine as L. A series of 2-L′-substituted pyrroles was prepared, where the substituents include: L′= -SMe, -CH2SMe, -SPh, -CH2SPh, -SCF3, -S-tBu, -CO2Me, -CONMe2, -2-pyridinyl, and -PPh2. Reaction with CIP(pyrrolyl)2 gave a new series of phosphines, (2-L′-pyrrolyl) (pyrrolyl)2P. Each of these phosphines was converted to (arene)Cr(CO)2[P(2-L′-pyrrolyl)(pyrrolyl)2P) complexes. The substituents L′ are proposed to provide temporary coordination to the Cr and to lower the barrier to arene exchange. The series was evaluated where the arene in the complex (departing) is benzene, fluorobenzene, toluene, o-oxylene, m-xylene, or p-xylene and the incoming arene is C6D6, chlorobenzene-d5, anisole-d 8, fluorobenzene-d5, toluene-d8, o-oxylene-d10, m-xylene-d10, p-xylene-d10, or mesitylene-d12. Most of the new complexes showed a significant increase in the rate of arene exchange due to the side chain unit L′. The strongest effects were seen with the examples where X = -CO2Me, -CONMe2, and -(2-pyridinyl), allowing exchange with a half lifetime as low as 8 h/22 °C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7759-7773
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number21
StatePublished - Jun 1 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Catalysis
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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