TY - JOUR

T1 - Absorption by branes and Schwinger terms in the world volume theory

AU - Gubser, Steven S.

AU - Klebanov, Igor R.

N1 - Funding Information:
We areg ratefutl o C. Callan,0 . Ganor,J . Malda-cena,M . Perry, S. ShenkerW, . Taylor, A. Tseytlin, and E. Witten for useful discussionsa, nd to the Aspen Centerf or Physics for its hospitality.T his work was supportedin part by the DOE grantD E-FGO2-91ER40671th, e NSF PresidentiaYl oung In-vestigatoAr ward PHY-9157482,a nd the James S. McDonnell Foundationg rant No. 91-48. S.S.G. thankst he Hertz Foundationfo r its support.

PY - 1997/11/6

Y1 - 1997/11/6

N2 - We study how coincident Dirichlet 3-branes absorb incident gravitons polarized along their world volume. We show that the absorption cross-section is determined by the central term in the correlator of two stress-energy tensors. The existence of a non-renormalization theorem for this central charge in four-dimensional script N sign = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories shows that the leading term at low energies in the absorption cross-section is not renormalized. This guarantees that the agreement of the cross-section with semiclassical supergravity, found in earlier work, survives all loop corrections. The connection between absorption of gravitons polarized along the brane and Schwinger terms in the stress-energy correlators of the world volume theory holds in general. We explore this connection to deduce some properties of the stress-energy tensor OPE's for 2-branes and 5-branes in 11 dimensions, as well as for 5-branes in 10 dimensions.

AB - We study how coincident Dirichlet 3-branes absorb incident gravitons polarized along their world volume. We show that the absorption cross-section is determined by the central term in the correlator of two stress-energy tensors. The existence of a non-renormalization theorem for this central charge in four-dimensional script N sign = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories shows that the leading term at low energies in the absorption cross-section is not renormalized. This guarantees that the agreement of the cross-section with semiclassical supergravity, found in earlier work, survives all loop corrections. The connection between absorption of gravitons polarized along the brane and Schwinger terms in the stress-energy correlators of the world volume theory holds in general. We explore this connection to deduce some properties of the stress-energy tensor OPE's for 2-branes and 5-branes in 11 dimensions, as well as for 5-branes in 10 dimensions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=30244493780&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=30244493780&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0370-2693(97)01099-X

DO - 10.1016/S0370-2693(97)01099-X

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:30244493780

SN - 0370-2693

VL - 413

SP - 41

EP - 48

JO - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

JF - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

IS - 1-2

ER -