We discuss symmetry breaking quantum phase transitions on the oft studied Bethe lattice in the context of the ferromagnetic scalar spherical model or, equivalently, the infinite Nf limit of ferromagnetic models with O (Nf) symmetry. We show that the approach to quantum criticality is characterized by the vanishing of a gap to just the global modes so that all local correlation functions continue to exhibit massive behavior. This behavior persists into the broken symmetry phase even as the order parameter develops an expectation value and thus there are no massless Goldstone bosons in the spectrum. We relate this feature to a spectral property of the graph Laplacian shared by the set of "expander" graphs, and argue that our results apply to symmetry breaking transitions on such graphs quite generally.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Oct 19 2009|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics