Ab initio reaction kinetics of hydrogen abstraction from methyl formate by hydrogen, methyl, oxygen, hydroxyl, and hydroperoxy radicals

Ting Tan, Michele Pavone, David B. Krisiloff, Emily A. Carter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Combustion of renewable biofuels, including energydense biodiesel, is expected to contribute significantly toward meeting future energy demands in the transportation sector. Elucidating detailed reaction mechanisms will be crucial to understanding biodiesel combustion, and hydrogen abstraction reactions are expected to dominate biodiesel combustion during ignition. In this work, we investigate hydrogen abstraction by the radicals H·, CH 3·, O·, HO2·, and OH· from methyl formate, the simplest surrogate for complex biodiesels. We evaluate the H abstraction barrier heights and reaction enthalpies, using multireference correlated wave function methods including size-extensivity corrections and extrapolation to the complete basis set limit. The barrier heights predicted for abstraction by H·, CH3·, and O· are in excellent agreement with derived experimental values, with errors ≤1 kcal/mol. We also predict the reaction energetics for forming reactant complexes, transition states, and product complexes for reactions involving HO2· and OH·. High-pressure-limit rate constants are computed using transition state theory within the separable-hindered-rotor approximation for torsions and the harmonic oscillator approximation for other vibrational modes. The predicted rate constants differ significantly from those appearing in the latest combustion kinetics models of these reactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8431-8443
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume116
Issue number33
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 23 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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