A vertically integrated model with vertical dynamics for CO2 storage

Bo Guo, Karl W. Bandilla, Florian Doster, Eirik Keilegavlen, Michael Anthony Celia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Conventional vertically integrated models for CO2 storage usually adopt a vertical equilibrium (VE) assumption, which states that due to strong buoyancy, CO2 and brine segregate quickly, so that the fluids can be assumed to have essentially hydrostatic pressure distributions in the vertical direction. However, the VE assumption is inappropriate when the time scale of fluid segregation is not small relative to the simulation time. By casting the vertically integrated equations into a multiscale framework, a new vertically integrated model can be developed that relaxes the VE assumption, thereby allowing vertical dynamics to be modeled explicitly. The model maintains much of the computational efficiency of vertical integration while allowing a much wider range of problems to be modeled. Numerical tests of the new model, using injection scenarios with typical parameter sets, show excellent behavior of the new approach for homogeneous geologic formations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6269-6284
Number of pages16
JournalWater Resources Research
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Water Science and Technology


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