A switch from Si(OH)4 to NO-3 depletion in the glacial Southern Ocean

Mark A. Brzezinski, Carol J. Pride, Valerie M. Franck, Daniel Mikhail Sigman, Jorge Louis Sarmiento, Katsumi Matsumoto, Nicolas Gruber, Greg H. Rau, Kenneth H. Coale

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233 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phytoplankton in the Antarctic deplete silicic acid (Si(OH)4) to a far greater extent than they do nitrate (NO3-). This pattern can be reversed by the addition of iron which dramatically lowers diatom Si(OH)4:NO3- uptake ratios. Higher iron supply during glacial times would thus drive the Antarctic towards NO3- depletion with excess Si(OH)4 remaining in surface waters. New δ30Si and δ15N records from Antarctic sediments confirm diminished Si(OH)4 use and enhanced NO3- depletion during the last three glaciations. The present low-Si(OH)4 water is transported northward to at least the subtropics. We postulate that the glacial high-Si(OH)4 water similarly may have been transported to the subtropics and beyond. This input of Si(OH)4 may have caused diatoms to displace coccolithophores at low latitudes, weakening the carbonate pump and increasing the depth of organic matter remineralization. These effects may have lowered glacial atmospheric pCO2 by as much as 60 ppm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-1 - 5-4
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume29
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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