A structural theorem for local algorithms with applications to coding, testing, and privacy

Marcel Dall'Agnol, Tom Gur, Oded Lachish

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

We prove a general structural theorem for a wide family of local algorithms, which includes property testers, local decoders, and PCPs of proximity. Namely, we show that the structure of every algorithm that makes q adaptive queries and satisfies a natural robustness condition admits a sample-based algorithm with n1−1/O(q2 log2 q) sample complexity. We also prove that this transformation is nearly optimal, and admits a scheme for constructing privacy-preserving local algorithms. Using the unified view that our structural theorem provides, we obtain the following results. • We strengthen the state-of-the-art lower bound for relaxed locally decodable codes, obtaining an exponential improvement on the dependency in query complexity; this resolves an open problem raised by Gur and Lachish (SODA 2020). • We show that any (constant-query) testable property admits a sample-based tester with sublinear sample complexity; this resolves a problem left open in a work of Fischer, Lachish, and Vasudev (FOCS 2015) by extending their main result to adaptive testers. • We prove that the known separation between proofs of proximity and testers is essentially maximal; this resolves a problem left open by Gur and Rothblum (ECCC 2013, Computational Complexity 2018) regarding sublinear-time delegation of computation. Our techniques strongly rely on relaxed sunflower lemmas and the Hajnal-Szemerédi theorem.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, SODA 2021
EditorsDaniel Marx
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages1651-1665
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9781611976465
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes
Event32nd Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, SODA 2021 - Alexandria, Virtual, United States
Duration: Jan 10 2021Jan 13 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms

Conference

Conference32nd Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, SODA 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityAlexandria, Virtual
Period1/10/211/13/21

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • General Mathematics

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