A scintillator purification system for the Borexino solar neutrino detector

Jay Burton Benziger, L. Cadonati, Frank Calaprice, M. Chen, A. Corsi, F. Dalnoki-Veress, R. Fernholz, R. Ford, Cristiano Galbiati, A. Goretti, E. Harding, Aldo Ianni, Andrea Ianni, S. Kidner, M. Leung, F. Loeser, K. McCarty, D. McKinsey, A. Nelson, A. PocarC. Salvo, D. Schimizzi, T. Shutt, A. Sonnenschein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purification of the 278 tons of liquid scintillator and 889 tons of buffer shielding for the Borexino solar neutrino detector is performed with a system that combines distillation, water extraction, gas stripping, and filtration. This paper describes the principles of operation, design, and construction of that purification system, and reviews the requirements and methods to achieve system cleanliness and leak-tightness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-291
Number of pages15
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume587
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 21 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Keywords

  • Liquid scintillator
  • Low background detectors
  • Radiopurity
  • Solar neutrino

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