A scintillator purification system for a large scale solar neutrino experiment

Jay Burton Benziger, Michael Johnson, Frank Calaprice, M. Chen, N. Darnton, R. Loeser, R. B. Vogelaar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

An on-line purification system for a large-scale low-background liquid scintillation detector has been tested with the 5 t liquid scintillation detector, the Counting Test Facility at Gran Sasso. Counter-current water extraction removes polar and charged impurities such as ions and metal salts. Vacuum distillation of the entire scintillator has been applied to remove both radioactive impurities and chemical impurities that affect the optical properties of the scintillator. Filtration with a 0.05 μm particulate filter removed suspended dust particles that may contain U, Th and K. Nitrogen stripping was employed to remove dissolved water and noble gases (e.g. 85Kr) from the scintillator. The system has effectively reduced the internal back in the 5 t liquid scintillation detector from 470 ± 90 events/d to the detection limit of the detector (± 45 events/d) in the energy window 250 < E < 800 keV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)278-296
Number of pages19
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume417
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 11 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Keywords

  • Liquid scintillator
  • Radiopurity
  • Solar neutrino

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