A scalable quantum computing platform using symmetric-Top molecules

Phelan Yu, Lawrence W. Cheuk, Ivan Kozyryev, John M. Doyle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations


We propose a new scalable platform for quantum computing (QC)-an array of optically trapped symmetric-Top molecules (STMs) of the alkaline earth monomethoxide (MOCH3) family. Individual STMs form qubits, and the system is readily scalable to 100-1000 qubits. STM qubits have desirable features for QC compared to atoms and diatomic molecules. The additional rotational degree of freedom about the symmetric-Top axis gives rise to closely spaced opposite parity K-doublets that allow full alignment at low electric fields, and the hyperfine structure naturally provides magnetically insensitive states with switchable electric dipole moments. These features lead to much reduced requirements for electric field control, provide minimal sensitivity to environmental perturbations, and allow for 2-qubit interactions that can be switched on at will. We examine in detail the internal structure of STMs relevant to our proposed platform, taking into account the full effective molecular Hamiltonian including hyperfine interactions, and identify useable STM qubit states. We then examine the effects of the electric dipolar interaction in STMs, which not only guide the design of high-fidelity gates, but also elucidate the nature of dipolar exchange in STMs. Under realistic experimental parameters, we estimate that the proposed QC platform could yield gate errors at the 10-3 level, approaching that required for fault-Tolerant QC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number093049
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 24 2019
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


  • Polyatomic molecules
  • Quantum information
  • Ultracold molecules


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