### Abstract

We linearize the Einstein-scalar field equations, expressed relative to constant mean curvature (CMC)-transported spatial coordinates gauge, around members of the well-known family of Kasner solutions on (0;∞) × T^{3}. The Kasner solutions model a spatially uniform scalar field evolving in a (typically) spatially anisotropic spacetime that expands towards the future and that has a "Big Bang" singularity at (t = 0). We place initial data for the linearized system along (t = 1) ≃ T^{3} and study the linear solution's behavior in the collapsing direction t ↓ 0. Our first main result is the proof of an approximate L^{2} monotonicity identity for the linear solutions. Using it, we prove a linear stability result that holds when the background Kasner solution is sufficiently close to the Friedmann-Lemaĭtre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) solution. In particular, we show that as t ↓ 0, various time- rescaled components of the linear solution converge to regular functions defined along (t = 0). In addition, we motivate the preferred direction of the approximate monotonicity by showing that the CMC-transported spatial coordinates gauge can be viewed as a limiting version of a family of parabolic gauges for the lapse variable; an approximate monotonicity identity and corresponding linear stability results also hold in the para-bolic gauges, but the corresponding parabolic PDEs are locally well posed only in the direction t ↓ 0. Finally, based on the linear stability results, we outline a proof of the following result, whose complete proof will appear elsewhere: the FLRW solution is globally nonlinearly stable in the collapsing direction t↓ 0 under small perturbations of its data at (t = 1).

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 65-156 |

Number of pages | 92 |

Journal | Annals of Mathematics |

Volume | 187 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jan 1 2018 |

### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Statistics and Probability
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty

### Keywords

- BKL conjectures
- Constant mean curvature
- FLRW
- Kasner solution
- Monotonicity
- Parabolic gauge
- Quiescent cosmology
- Spatial harmonic coordinates
- Stable blowup
- Strong cosmic censorship
- Transported spatial coordinates