A preference for cold dark matter over Superfluid Dark Matter in local Milky Way data

Mariangela Lisanti, Matthew Moschella, Nadav Joseph Outmezguine, Oren Slone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


There are many well-known correlations between dark matter and baryons that exist on galactic scales. These correlations can essentially be encompassed by a simple scaling relation between observed and baryonic accelerations, historically known as the Mass Discrepancy Acceleration Relation (MDAR). The existence of such a relation has prompted many theories that attempt to explain the correlations by invoking additional fundamental forces on baryons. The standard lore has been that a theory that reduces to the MDAR on galaxy scales but behaves like cold dark matter (CDM) on larger scales provides an excellent fit to data, since CDM is desirable on scales of clusters and above. However, this statement should be revised in light of recent results showing that a fundamental force that reproduces the MDAR is challenged by local Milky Way dynamics and rotation curve data between 5–18 kpc. In this study, we test this claim on the example of Superfluid Dark Matter. We find that a standard CDM model is preferred over a static superfluid profile assuming a steady-state Galactic disk and discuss the robustness of this conclusion to disequilibrium effects. This preference is due to the fact that the superfluid model over-predicts vertical accelerations, even while reproducing galactic rotation curves. Our results establish an important criterion that any dark matter model must satisfy within the Milky Way.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101140
JournalPhysics of the Dark Universe
StatePublished - Feb 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • Dark matter
  • Gaia
  • MDAR
  • MOND
  • Superfluid Dark Matter


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