A painting interface for interactive surface deformations

Jason Lawrence, Thomas Funkhouser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


A long-standing challenge in geometric modeling is providing a natural, intuitive interface for making local deformations to 3D surfaces. Previous approaches have provided either interactive manipulation or physical simulation to control surface deformations. In this paper, we investigate combining these two approaches with a painting interface that gives the user direct, local control over a physical simulation. The "paint" a user applies to the model defines its instantaneous surface velocity. By interactively simulating this velocity, the user can effect surface deformations. We have found that this painting metaphor gives the user direct, local control over surface deformations for several applications: creating new models, removing noise from existing models, and adding geometric texture to an existing surface at multiple scales.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)418-438
Number of pages21
JournalGraphical Models
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Geometry and Topology
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


  • Direct texture painting
  • Geometric modeling
  • Modeling interfaces
  • Surface deformations


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