A novel, inexpensive, and rugged probe for measuring gas bubbles in liquid metals: Part I. Mathematical modeling and laboratory experiments

Piero Marcolongo, James W. Evans, Daniel Artemus Steingart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Gas bubbles play an important role in many liquid metal processing operations. An important example is the "gas fluxing" of aluminum, where a gas, such as an argon-chlorine mixture, is injected into the liquid metal to remove impurities. A proper understanding of the behavior of units such as these is dependent on knowing how the bubbles are dispersed in the metal; other information such as the frequency of occurrence of bubbles at various points in the system would also be useful. Various bubble probes have been used in the past (including a "capacitance probe" developed for this purpose at Berkeley), but all seem to be prone to problems such as attack by the metal, susceptibility to electrical noise, mechanical weakness, high cost, etc. The present article describes a simple and rugged probe consisting of a narrow ceramic tube inserted into the metal at the point of interest and connected at its other end to an inert gas supply. Small bubbles are created at the immersed end of the tube, and the formation of these bubbles is heard by an inexpensive microphone in the gas supply line. These small bubbles, henceforth "probe bubbles," are not the bubbles to be measured. The latter are much larger, and, as they pass up over the immersed end of the probe, these large bubbles change the sound of the probe bubble formation. The microphone is connected to a sound card in a computer so that the arrival of a large bubble at the probe location is readily recorded. The phenomena involved in this probe have been examined in water using high speed digital movies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)389-399
Number of pages11
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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