A new measure of lacunarity for generalized fractals and its impact in the electromagnetic behavior of Koch dipole antennas

Kaushik Sengupta, K. J. Vinoy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

In recent years, fractal geometries have been explored in various branches of science and engineering. In antenna engineering several of these geometries have been studied due to their purported potential of realizing multi-resonant antennas. Although due to the complex nature of fractals most of these previous studies were experimental, there have been some analytical investigations on the performance of the antennas using them. One such analytical attempt was aimed at quantitatively relating fractal dimension with antenna characteristics within a single fractal set. It is however desirable to have all fractal geometries covered under one framework for antenna design and other similar applications. With this objective as the final goal, we strive in this paper to extend an earlier approach to more generalized situations, by incorporating the lacunarity of fractal geometries as a measure of its spatial distribution. Since the available measure of lacunarity was found to be inconsistent, in this paper we propose to use a new measure to quantize the fractal lacunarity. We also demonstrate the use of this new measure in uniquely explaining the behavior of dipole antennas made of generalized Koch curves and go on to show how fundamental lacunarity is in influencing electromagnetic behavior of fractal antennas. It is expected that this averaged measure of lacunarity may find applications in areas beyond antennas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-282
Number of pages12
JournalFractals
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Geometry and Topology
  • Applied Mathematics

Keywords

  • Fractal antenna
  • Fractal dimension
  • Fractals
  • Lacunarity

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