A New Compton-thick AGN in Our Cosmic Backyard: Unveiling the Buried Nucleus in NGC 1448 with NuSTAR

A. Annuar, D. M. Alexander, P. Gandhi, G. B. Lansbury, D. Asmus, D. R. Ballantyne, F. E. Bauer, S. E. Boggs, P. G. Boorman, W. N. Brandt, M. Brightman, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, D. Farrah, A. D. Goulding, C. J. Hailey, F. A. Harrison, M. J. Koss, S. M. Lamassa, S. S. MurrayC. Ricci, D. J. Rosario, F. Stanley, D. Stern, W. Zhang

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22 Scopus citations


NGC 1448 is one of the nearest luminous galaxies (L 8-1000μm >109 L o) to ours (z = 0.00390), and yet the active galactic nucleus (AGN) it hosts was only recently discovered, in 2009. In this paper, we present an analysis of the nuclear source across three wavebands: mid-infrared (MIR) continuum, optical, and X-rays. We observed the source with the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR), and combined these data with archival Chandra data to perform broadband X-ray spectral fitting (≈0.5-40 keV) of the AGN for the first time. Our X-ray spectral analysis reveals that the AGN is buried under a Compton-thick (CT) column of obscuring gas along our line of sight, with a column density of N H(los) ≥2.5 ×1024 cm-2. The best-fitting torus models measured an intrinsic 2-10 keV luminosity of L (3.5-7.6) ×1040 erg s-1, making NGC 1448 one of the lowest luminosity CTAGNs known. In addition to the NuSTAR observation, we also performed optical spectroscopy for the nucleus in this edge-on galaxy using the European Southern Observatory New Technology Telescope. We re-classify the optical nuclear spectrum as a Seyfert on the basis of the Baldwin-Philips-Terlevich diagnostic diagrams, thus identifying the AGN at optical wavelengths for the first time. We also present high spatial resolution MIR observations of NGC 1448 with Gemini/T-ReCS, in which a compact nucleus is clearly detected. The absorption-corrected 2-10 keV luminosity measured from our X-ray spectral analysis agrees with that predicted from the optical [O iii]λ5007 Å emission line and the MIR 12 μm continuum, further supporting the CT nature of the AGN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number165
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 20 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • galaxies: active
  • galaxies: nuclei
  • techniques: spectroscopic
  • X-rays: galaxies
  • X-rays: individual (NGC 1448)


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