A microfluidic chamber for analysis of neuron-to-cell spread and axonal transport of an alpha-herpesvirus

Wendy W. Liu, Joseph Goodhouse, Noo Li Jeon, L. W. Enquist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alpha-herpesviruses, including herpes simplex virus and pseudorabies virus (PRV), infect the peripheral nervous system (PNS) of their hosts. Here, we describe an in vitro method for studying neuron-to-cell spread of infection as well as viral transport in axons. The method centers on a novel microfluidic chamber system that directs growth of axons into a fluidically isolated environment. The system uses substantially smaller amounts of virus inoculum and media than previous chamber systems and yet offers the flexibility of applying multiple virology and cell biology assays including live-cell optical imaging. Using PRV infection of cultured PNS neurons, we demonstrate that the microfluidic chamber recapitulates all known facets of neuron-to-cell spread demonstrated in animals and other compartmented cell systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2382
JournalPloS one
Volume3
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 18 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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