A hippocampal model of recognition memory

Randall C. O'Reilly, Kenneth A. Norman, James L. McClelland

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

32 Scopus citations


A rich body of data exists showing that recollection of specific information makes an important contribution to recognition memory, which is distinct from the contribution of familiarity, and is not adequately captured by existing unitary memory models. Furthermore, neuropsychological evidence indicates that recollection is subserved by the hippocampus. We present a model, based largely on known features of hippocampal anatomy and physiology, that accounts for (he following key characteristics of recollection: 1) false recollection is rare (i.e., participants rarely claim to recollect having studied nonstudied items), and 2) increasing interference leads to less recollection but apparently does not compromise the quality of recollection (i.e., the extent to which recollected information veridically reflects events that occurred at study).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Neural Information Processing Systems 10 - Proceedings of the 1997 Conference, NIPS 1997
PublisherNeural information processing systems foundation
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)0262100762, 9780262100762
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes
Event11th Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems, NIPS 1997 - Denver, CO, United States
Duration: Dec 1 1997Dec 6 1997

Publication series

NameAdvances in Neural Information Processing Systems
ISSN (Print)1049-5258


Other11th Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems, NIPS 1997
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityDenver, CO

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Information Systems
  • Signal Processing


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