We describe an ultrafast photonic switched interconnect based upon technologies developed for optical time division multiplexing (OTDM). The system uses a time-interleaved broadcast-and-select star architecture that is functionally equivalent to a crossbar switch. The interconnect offers full connectivity and low uniform latency among the input and output ports. The enabling technologies include ultrafast gated time slot tuners and all-optical demultiplexers. By utilizing these advanced optical technologies, it is possible to construct a highly scalable, rapidly reconfigurable, ultra-high-speed switch with performance beyond the capacity of current electronics. In the experimental demonstration, we constructed an interconnect with a peak bit rate of 100 Gb/s and the capability of connecting 16 OTDM ports. The system successfully demonstrated error-free operation of 100 Gb/s-multiplexing and demultiplexing in addition to rapid inter-channel switching capability on the order of the single channel bit period. The system also supports multicasting functions among many nodes. To scale the system to accommodate a large number of ports, we provide an analysis of the coherent crosstalk requirements through the network to show the potential to support hundreds of ports within practical constraints of the optical components. We believe that this system offers an approach to meet the demands of high bandwidth and fast switching capability required in current high-speed light-wave networks.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Computer networks
- Optical fiber communication
- Optical fiber delay lines
- Optical time division multiplexing