A highly efficient neutron veto for dark matter experiments

Alex Wright, Pablo Mosteiro, Ben Loer, Frank Calaprice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a conceptual design for an active neutron veto, based on boron-loaded liquid scintillator, for use in direct-detection dark matter experiments. The simulated efficiency of a 1 m thick veto is greater than 99.5% for background events produced by radiogenic neutrons, while the background due to externally produced cosmogenic neutrons is reduced by more than 95%. The ability of the veto to both significantly suppress, and provide in situ measurements of, these two dominant sources of background would make the next generation of dark matter experiments much more robust, and dramatically improve the credibility of a dark matter detection claim based on the observation of a few recoil events. The veto would also allow direct extrapolation between the background-free operation of a small detector and the physics reach of a larger detector of similar construction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-26
Number of pages9
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume644
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 11 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Keywords

  • Boron-loaded liquid scintillator
  • Direct-detection dark matter search
  • Low-background techniques
  • Neutron veto

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A highly efficient neutron veto for dark matter experiments'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this