A ground-based optical transmission spectrum of WASP-6b

Andrés Jordán, Néstor Espinoza, Markus Rabus, Susana Eyheramendy, David K. Sing, Jean Michel Désert, Gáspár Á Bakos, Jonathan J. Fortney, Mercedes López-Morales, Pierre F.L. Maxted, Amaury H.M.J. Triaud, Andrew Szentgyorgyi

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57 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a ground-based optical transmission spectrum of the inflated sub-Jupiter-mass planet WASP-6b. The spectrum was measured in 20 spectral channels from 480 nm to 860 nm using a series of 91 spectra over a complete transit event. The observations were carried out using multi-object differential spectrophotometry with the Inamori-Magellan Areal Camera and Spectrograph on the Baade Telescope at Las Campanas Observatory. We model systematic effects on the observed light curves using principal component analysis on the comparison stars and allow for the presence of short and long memory correlation structure in our Monte Carlo Markov Chain analysis of the transit light curves for WASP-6. The measured transmission spectrum presents a general trend of decreasing apparent planetary size with wavelength and lacks evidence for broad spectral features of Na and K predicted by clear atmosphere models. The spectrum is consistent with that expected for scattering that is more efficient in the blue, as could be caused by hazes or condensates in the atmosphere of WASP-6b. WASP-6b therefore appears to be yet another massive exoplanet with evidence for a mostly featureless transmission spectrum, underscoring the importance that hazes and condensates can have in determining the transmission spectra of exoplanets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number184
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume778
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • planetary systems
  • planets and satellites: atmospheres
  • techniques: spectroscopic

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