A further experimental and modeling study of acetaldehyde combustion kinetics

Tao Tao, Shiqing Kang, Wenyu Sun, Jiaxing Wang, Handong Liao, Kai Moshammer, Nils Hansen, Chung King Law, Bin Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Acetaldehyde is an important intermediate and a toxic emission in the combustion of fuels, especially for biofuels. To better understand its combustion characteristics, a detailed chemical kinetic model describing the oxidation of acetaldehyde has been developed and comprehensively validated against various types of literature data including laminar flame speeds, oxidation and pyrolysis in shock tubes, chemical structure of premixed flames, and low-temperature oxidation in jet-stirred reactors. To extend the validation range, the chemical structure of a counterflow flame fueled by acetaldehyde at 600 Torr has been measured using vacuum ultra-violet photoionization molecular-beam mass spectrometry. In addition, ignition delay times at 10 atm and 700-1100 K were measured in a rapid compression machine, and a negative temperature coefficient (NTC) behavior was observed. The present kinetic model well reproduces the results of various acetaldehyde combustion experiments covering wide ranges of temperatures (300–2300 K) and pressures (0.02–10 atm), and explains well the observed NTC behavior based on the competition between multiple oxidation pathways for the methyl radicals and their self-recombination forming ethane, a relatively stable species at temperatures below 1000 K.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)337-350
Number of pages14
JournalCombustion and Flame
StatePublished - Oct 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


  • Acetaldehyde
  • Counterflow flame
  • Ignition delay times
  • Kinetic model
  • Negative temperature coefficient


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