A flexible high potential printed battery for powering printed electronics

Abhinav M. Gaikwad, Daniel Artemus Steingart, Tse Nga Ng, David E. Schwartz, Gregory L. Whiting

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

139 Scopus citations


Mechanically flexible arrays of alkaline electrochemical cells fabricated using stencil printing onto fibrous substrates are shown to provide the necessary performance characteristics for driving ink-jet printed circuits. Due to the dimensions and material set currently required for reliable low-temperature print processing of electronic devices, a battery potential greater than that sourced by single cells is typically needed. The developed battery is a series interconnected array of 10 low resistance Zn-MnO2 alkaline cells, giving an open circuit potential of 14 V. This flexible battery is used to power an ink-jet printed 5-stage complementary ring oscillator based on organic semiconductors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number233302
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number23
StatePublished - Jun 10 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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