A faint type of supernova from a white dwarf with a helium-rich companion

H. B. Perets, A. Gal-Yam, P. A. Mazzali, D. Arnett, D. Kagan, A. V. Filippenko, W. Li, I. Arcavi, S. B. Cenko, D. B. Fox, D. C. Leonard, D. S. Moon, D. J. Sand, A. M. Soderberg, J. P. Anderson, P. A. James, R. J. Foley, M. Ganeshalingam, E. O. Ofek, L. BildstenG. Nelemans, K. J. Shen, N. N. Weinberg, B. D. Metzger, A. L. Piro, E. Quataert, M. Kiewe, D. Poznanski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

265 Scopus citations


Supernovae are thought to arise from two different physical processes. The cores of massive, short-lived stars undergo gravitational core collapse and typically eject a few solar masses during their explosion. These are thought to appear as type Ib/c and type II supernovae, and are associated with young stellar populations. In contrast, the thermonuclear detonation of a carbon-oxygen white dwarf, whose mass approaches the Chandrasekhar limit, is thought to produce type Ia supernovae. Such supernovae are observed in both young and old stellar environments. Here we report a faint type Ib supernova, SN 2005E, in the halo of the nearby isolated galaxy, NGC 1032. The g∼old environment near the supernova location, and the very low derived ejected mass (0.3 solar masses), argue strongly against a core-collapse origin. Spectroscopic observations and analysis reveal high ejecta velocities, dominated by helium-burning products, probably excluding this as a subluminous or a regular type Ia supernova. We conclude that it arises from a low-mass, old progenitor, likely to have been a helium-accreting white dwarf in a binary. The ejecta contain more calcium than observed in other types of supernovae and probably large amounts of radioactive 44 Ti.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)322-325
Number of pages4
Issue number7296
StatePublished - May 20 2010
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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