A double-cusp type electrostatic analyzer for high-cadence solar-wind suprathermal ion observations

Keiichi Ogasawara, Frédéric Allegrini, Mihir I. Desai, Robert W. Ebert, Stephen A. Fuselier, Jörg Micha Jahn, Stefano A. Livi, David J. McComas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper describes a novel electrostatic analyzer concept to measure suprathermal ions, a Double-Cusp Analyzer for SupraThermals (DCAST) that employs a double-shell cusp structure. Due to the necessity of measuring higher energy levels to cover the suprathermal range, existing ion instruments require greater size and mass. Moreover, observations of potentially low-flux suprathermal ions require a long integration time to fully characterize key ion properties in the plasmas (e.g., anisotropy and energy spectrum) with necessary counting statistics. DCAST covers the suprathermal energy range (2-300 keV/q) spanning heated solar wind and pickup ions; it enables a high cadence, high angular resolution, and wide angle coverage measurement while conserving resources such as mass and size. As a proof-of-concept study, the performance of a prototype DCAST was verified by laboratory measurements (geometric factor, K-factor, and energy resolution), which also involved investigating noise characteristics coming from cross-sector contamination and foreground extreme ultra-violet photons. To understand the specific characteristics of the double-shell type design, the inner and outer sector voltage ratio (RV) effects were examined in terms of the electro-static analyzer performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number114503
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Volume89
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation

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    Ogasawara, K., Allegrini, F., Desai, M. I., Ebert, R. W., Fuselier, S. A., Jahn, J. M., Livi, S. A., & McComas, D. J. (2018). A double-cusp type electrostatic analyzer for high-cadence solar-wind suprathermal ion observations. Review of Scientific Instruments, 89(11), [114503]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5030123