In this paper, we introduce a direct method of moving spheres for the fractional Laplacian (−△)α/2 with 0>α>2, in which a key ingredient is the narrow region maximum principle. As immediate applications, we classify non-negative solutions for semilinear equations involving the fractional Laplacian in Rn; we prove a non-existence result for the prescribing Qα curvature equation on Sn; then by combining the direct method of moving planes and moving spheres, we establish a Liouville type theorem on a half Euclidean space. We expect to see more applications of this method to many other nonlinear equations involving non-local operators.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Direct method of moving spheres
- Fractional Laplacians
- Non-existence of solutions
- Radial symmetry