A differential scheme for Spatial Modulation

Yuyang Bian, Miaowen Wen, Xiang Cheng, H. Vincent Poor, Bingli Jiao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

48 Scopus citations


In this paper, by considering the case of two transmit antennas, we propose a novel approach for introducing differential signaling into Spatial Modulation (SM)/Space-Shift Keying (SSK) and thus develop a differential SM/SSK (DSM/DSSK) scheme, where neither the transmitter nor the receiver has access to channel state information. The proposed approach can be applied to any equal energy signal constellations. Performance analysis of the proposed DSM is developed analytically and demonstrated via simulations, leading to some interesting observations and useful conclusions. It is shown that the performance degradation of DSM over SM can be less than 3dB and that the loss decreases as the number of receive antennas decreases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2013 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2013
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 2013
Event2013 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2013 - Atlanta, GA, United States
Duration: Dec 9 2013Dec 13 2013

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM
ISSN (Print)2334-0983
ISSN (Electronic)2576-6813


Other2013 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2013
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityAtlanta, GA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Spatial modulation (SM)
  • differential modulation
  • multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO)
  • space shift keying (SSK)


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