A Cross-National Comparison of Sub-National Variation

Elaine Enriquez, Martin Sybblis, Miguel Angel Centeno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Previous research has highlighted that, in addition to being operationally opaque, the concept of state capacity has been confined to national and cross-national analysis, with inadequate attention paid to variations at the regional and sub-national levels of the state. Our current research seeks to help remedy this lacuna. Inspired by the growing consensus that state capacity is not monolithic, but instead comprises capabilities distributed in distinct ways across sectors and institutions, we have developed a parsimonious approach to understanding the concept so as to increase its utility. Specifically, we explore variations in the provision of government services across sectors, wealth, geography, and urbanity in three countries: India, Peru, and Ukraine—representing Southeast Asia, Latin America, and Eastern Europe. Importantly, we offer an analysis of state capacity as a function of variation as measured by standard deviation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)908-931
Number of pages24
JournalAmerican Behavioral Scientist
Issue number8
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • General Social Sciences


  • state building
  • state capacity
  • state services
  • sub-national variation


Dive into the research topics of 'A Cross-National Comparison of Sub-National Variation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this