A composite approach to self-sustainable transmissions: Rethinking OFDM

Marco Maso, Subhash Lakshminarayana, Tony Q.S. Quek, H. Vincent Poor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


This paper proposes two novel strategies to extend the battery life of an orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) receiver by exploiting the concept of wireless power transfer (WPT). First, a new receiver architecture is devised that does not discard the cyclic prefix (CP) but instead exploits it to extract power from the received signal, realizing a WPT between the transmitter and the receiver. Subsequently, a flexible composite transmit strategy is designed, in which the OFDM transmitter transmits to the receiver two independent signals coexisting in the same band. It is shown that, by means of this approach, the transmitter can arbitrarily increase the power concentrated within the CP at the OFDM receiver, without increasing the redundancy of the transmission. Feasibility conditions for the self-sustainability of the transmission are derived, in terms of power consumption at the receiver, for both legacy and composite transmission. Numerical findings show that, under reasonable conditions, the amount of power carried in the CP can be made sufficient to decode the information symbols, making the transmission fully self-sustainable. The potential of the proposed approach is confirmed by the encouraging results obtained when the full self-sustainability constraint is relaxed, and partially self-sustainable OFDM transmissions are analyzed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6914544
Pages (from-to)3904-3917
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • CIA
  • Energy harvesting
  • OFDM
  • adaptive transmissions
  • green communications
  • self-sustainable


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