A common thread in all of the recent results concerning the testing of dense graphs is the use of Szemerédi's regularity lemma. In this paper we show that in some sense this is not a coincidence. Our first result is that the property defined by having any given Szemerédi-partition is testable with a constant number of queries. Our second and main result is a purely combinatorial characterization of the graph properties that are testable with a constant number of queries. This characterization (roughly) says that a graph property P can be tested with a constant number of queries if and only if testing P can be reduced to testing the property of satisfying one of finitely many Szemerédi-partitions. This means that in some sense, testing for Szemerédi-partitions is as hard as testing any testable graph property. We thus resolve one of the main open problems in the area of property-testing, which was first raised by Goldreich, Goldwasser, and Ron [J. ACM, 45 (1998), pp. 653-750] in the paper that initiated the study of graph property-testing. This characterization also gives an intuitive explanation as to what makes a graph property testable.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science(all)
- Property testing
- Regularity lemma