A clonal analysis of the roles of somatic cells and germ line during oogenesis in Drosophila

Eric Wieschaus, Claudie Audit, Michelle Masson

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42 Scopus citations


In order to test whether particular female sterile mutations block functions which normally occur in somatic or germ line derivatives, clones homozygous for each mutation were X-ray induced in heterozygous females. Using the germ line-dependent egg marker, fs(1)K10, it was possible to identify the eggs derived from clones which had been induced in the germ line. Mutations were classified as germ line dependent when these eggs also showed the phenotype associated with the female sterile mutation. Two mutations which caused early abnormalities in oogenesis (fs(1)116, fs(1)1304) were shown to affect germ cells, whereas two mutations which caused egg retention (fs(1)462, fs(1)1001) were somatically dependent. A mutation altering egg dimensions without affecting egg volume (short egg) was also shown to depend on somatic cells in the ovary. With one exception (fs(1)K4), mutations which caused production of fragile, collapsed eggs (fs(1)180, fs(1)473, fs(1)384, and fs(1)1163) were somatically dependent. Patches of mutant fs(1)384 morphology were found in the chorions of the eggs not derived from germ line clones. These patches are interpreted as being caused by homozygous clones in the somatically derived follicle cell epithelium and suggest that fs(1)384 affects processes occurring in these cells during the synthesis of the egg coverings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-103
Number of pages12
JournalDevelopmental biology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 1981

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology


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