A Blockchain-Enabled Circular Economy: Collaborative Responsibility in Solar Panel Recycling

Mohammad Jabed Morshed Chowdhury, Naveed Ul Hassan, Wayes Tushar, Dusit Niyato, Tapan K. Saha, H. Vincent Poor, Chau Yuen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The adoption of renewable energy resources, such as solar power, is on the rise. However, the lack of recycling facilities for solar panels in particular poses environmental risks. This article suggests a circular economy (CE) approach to address this issue. By implementing blockchain technology, the end of life (EOL) of solar panels can be tracked, and responsibilities can be assigned to relevant stakeholders. The degradation of panels can be monetized by tracking users’ energy-related activities, and these funds can be used for future recycling. A new coin, the recycling coin (RC-coin), incentivizes solar panel recycling and utilizes decentralized finance (DeFi) concepts to stabilize the coin price and supply issue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2-19
Number of pages18
JournalIEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Blockchains
  • Companies
  • Costs
  • Landfills
  • Recycling
  • Renewable energy sources
  • Solar panels


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