A benchmark study on problems related to CO2 storage in geologic formations: SSummary and discussion of the results

Holger Class, Anozie Ebigbo, Rainer Helmig, Helge K. Dahle, Jan M. Nordbotten, Michael Anthony Celia, Pascal Audigane, Melanie Darcis, Jonathan Ennis-King, Yaqing Fan, Bernd Flemisch, Sarah E. Gasda, Min Jin, Stefanie Krug, Diane Labregere, Ali Naderi Beni, Rajesh J. Pawar, Adil Sbai, Sunil G. Thomas, Laurent TrentyLingli Wei

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293 Scopus citations


This paper summarises the results of a benchmark study that compares a number of mathematical and numerical models applied to specific problems in the context of carbon dioxide (CO2) storage in geologic formations. The processes modelled comprise advective multi-phase flow, compositional effects due to dissolution of CO2 into the ambient brine and non-isothermal effects due to temperature gradients and the Joule-Thompson effect. The problems deal with leakage through a leaky well, methane recovery enhanced by CO 2 injection and a reservoir-scale injection scenario into a heterogeneous formation. We give a description of the benchmark problems then briefly introduce the participating codes and finally present and discuss the results of the benchmark study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)409-434
Number of pages26
JournalComputational Geosciences
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computers in Earth Sciences
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics


  • Benchmark
  • CO storage
  • Code comparison


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