Borexino is a large-volume liquid scintillator detector placed in the underground halls of the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso in Italy. After several years of construction, data taking started in May 2007, providing immediately incontrovertible evidence of the unprecedented radiopurity of the target mass. Here we report on the newest Borexino results obtained with about 200 days of data. Borexino provides the first direct measurement of the solar neutrino survival probability in both vacuum-dominated and matter-enhanced regions provided by a single experiment. The interaction rate of the 0.862 MeV 7Be solar neutrinos is found to be 49 ± 3stat ± 4sys counts/(dayṡ100 tons), in agreement with the oscillation hypothesis in the MSW Large Mixing Angle scenario. The first real-time measurement of the 8B solar neutrinos above 2.8 MeV provides interaction rate of 0.26 ± 0.04stat ± 0.02sys counts/(dayṡ100 tons). These measurements improve the experimental determination of the flux of the pp and CNO solar neutrinos, and the limit on the effective magnetic moment using solar neutrinos.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics