A 2-server Private Information Retrieval (PIR) scheme allows a user to retrieve the ith bit of an n-bit database replicated among two noncommunicating servers, while not revealing any information about i to either server. In this work, we construct a 2-server PIR scheme with total communication cost no(√log log n/log n). This improves over current 2-server protocols, which all require Ω(n1/3) communication. Our construction circumvents the n1/3 barrier of Razborov and Yekhanin , which holds for the restricted model of bilinear group-based schemes (covering all previous 2-server schemes). The improvement comes from reducing the number of servers in existing protocols, based on Matching Vector Codes, from 3 or 4 servers to 2. This is achieved by viewing these protocols in an algebraic way (using polynomial interpolation) and extending them using partial derivatives.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Information Systems
- Hardware and Architecture
- Artificial Intelligence
- Locally decodable codes
- Private information retrieval