12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) is being developed as a therapeutic agent by virtue of its being a potent modulator of signal transduction in pre-clinical models of AML [Strair RK, Schaar D, Goodell L, Aisner J, Chin KV, Eid J, et al. Administration of a phorbol ester to patients with hematological malignancies: preliminary results from a phase I clinical trial of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate. Clin Cancer Res 2002;8:2512-8]. In this report, we identify a subset of primary AML samples that undergoes apoptosis after exposure to TPA and demonstrate that TPA-induced cytotoxicity is associated with modulation of the ERK signaling pathway. Analysis of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) dual-specificity phosphatases (DUSP), as potential regulators of AML cell signaling, indicates that these genes are coordinately regulated and rapidly induced by TPA in primary AML cells. Therefore, TPA-induced primary AML cytotoxicity is associated with modulation of ERK signaling which may be partially mediated by regulation of phosphatase expression.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research
- Acute myelogenous leukemia
- Gene expression
- MAPK dual-specificity phosphatases (DUSP)
- Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)