παλ ντονος Reconstructing the prehistory of accents (Homeric -ϵια , -ϵια, -υια )

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Abstract

The Ancient Greek feminines to u-stem adjectives (e.g. aiδϵa α 'sweet' to ai) diverge from their Old Indic counterparts in terms of accentuation (cp. Ved. svA dvī). Homeric Greek possesses a couple of corresponding archaisms with oxytone accent (θαμϵι, ταρφϵια ); in this paper, I will propose that Greek in fact runs the gamut, showing recessive accentuation as well, specifically in stems that have been "demorphologized"(e.g., λ γϵια). This threefold accentuation provides a unique window onto the diachrony of accents in the prehistory of Greek. I bring to bear previously undertreated, and untranslated, evidence from ancient grammarians to bolster my position. Beginning from this reexamination, I turn to the controversial class of nouns in -υια, which have been held to show extraordinarily archaic properties of accent and ablaut. I propose that these nouns reflect not archaisms, but inner-Greek innovations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-304
Number of pages44
JournalIndogermanische Forschungen
Volume126
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 8 2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Keywords

  • ablaut
  • accent
  • ancient grammarians
  • Homer

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